I was a bit disappointed with the episode on science last week, but this one was back on form. There isn't as much to say this time. He looked at the histories of North and South America after colonisation by Europeans. The Spanish seized all the land, enslaved the inhabitants and created a society where a small number of people owned nearly everything. The natives were left without economic and political rights. They remain poor to this day.
In North America by contrast the land was granted to a much larger group of people, and with land came the right to vote. The United States was to become the world's first property owning democracy. It did very well out of it. The fate of the native North Americans was not mentioned. They obviously did not get to participate very much in either the property or the democracy. African Americans were also excluded from the democracy bit. Their role in the property side of the equation was to actually be property.
So, swings and roundabouts then.
Niall Ferguson was pretty clear though, that for all of its faults the American system of wide property ownership was the basis of the economic success of the United States. The racism and genocide were flaws, but not ones that materially affected the rise to world dominance.
What I liked about this programme was the deft way small scale details were woven into the big picture. We heard a few individual stories, a few tableaux from the history of the two continents and then the overall analysis supplied in plain language direct from Ferguson himself. It was skilfully done and kept your attention for the full hour. He also has got hold of a good camera crew because the visuals are great.
But you do lose out a lot by this approach. The historical narrative is simplified considerably. I think French and Portuguese viewers would be surprised that their contribution to the development of America did not even get a mention. And I am not sure that slavery in the South was really just a bit of an aberration with no economic effect in the long run. And as for property rights being key to American success, this was stated as a fact rather than made as a case. Its an argument that is pretty well accepted, but it could have been developed a bit more in a series whose stated aim is to explain the power wielded by the West.
Well worth watching, but well worth thinking about afterwards as well.
Niall Ferguson Civilization Is the West History Episode 1 Competition
Niall Ferguson Civilization Is the West History episode on science
Labels: Niall Ferguson